GACP – Glossary


Glossary of Terms

Every sector has its own vocabulary, GACP is no exception. Here is a short glossary of useful terms and acronyms that you may come across on your road to GACP Certification.

BatchThe plants cultivated in a single cycle in the grow facility.
CAPACorrective Action / Preventative Action, used in operations when rectifying issues and determining root cause of problems and ways to avoid it, as well as ways to fix issues as they arise. Used in conjunction with the SOPs where the Preventative Action usually requires an adjustment to the SOP
CITESConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. CITES is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals from the threats of international trade.
Contaminationimpurities that are picked up by the plants leading to an inferior or unsuitable product.
Critical MaterialsMaterials used in the cultivation that are essential to the grow process, including but not limited to fertilizer, compost, soil and water.
DTAMDepartment of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine, which is in charge of cannabis in Thailand
EMAEuropean Medicines Agency
Field Recordsrecords showing previous crops and plant protect products used. Needs to be maintained by all growers.
GACPGood Agricultural and Collection Practices. This covers the cultivation and harvesting of the plants to be used as medicinal herbs
GMPGood Manufacturing Practice. System for controlling the production where all the end processes and products conform to strict guidelines from relevant government agencies
Heavy Metalselemnts found occuring naturally that have detrimental affects on humans, including mercury, lead and bismuth. While technically Iron is a heavy metal, it is required to sustain life.
Herbal PreparationsThe extract from the herbal substance. Preparations are obtained by performing treatments on herbal substances, such as extraction, distilation, expression, among others.
Herbal SubstancesAll mainly whole, fragmented or cut plants, plant parts, algae, fungi, lichen in an unprocessed, usually dried, form, but sometimes fresh. Certain exudates that have not been subjected to a specific treatment are also considered to be herbal substances. Herbal substances are precisely defined by the plant part used and the botanical name according to the binomial system.
IPMIntegrated Pest Management, covers the control of insects and other pests in the grow facility.
Organicrefers to the farming method. Organic farming can also be referred to as ecological farming. This is an agricultural system where fertilizers are all of an organic oorigin, such as composted manure or bone meal.
Potable WaterWater suitable for drinking that has been treated to remove impurities to meet requirements set by the regulators
PPEPersonal Protection Equipment, including but not limited to goggles, gloves, and protective overals
PropogationThe process used to create new plants. Can either be done via a cloning method or using fertilized seeds.
QAQuality Analysis. This includes laboratory testing of the product and the supplies used in the cultivation of the product.
QCQuality Control. The process through which the SOPs are implemented and enforced.
Regulatorsin Thailand, the regulatory authorities are mainly the DTAM, under the Ministry of Public Health, and TFDA
SOPStandard Operating Procedure. Required to show that all staff are trained and have set procedures to follow at all stages of the cultivation.
TFDAThe Food and Drug Administration, which is Thailand's answer to USA's Food and Drug Agency.
TinctureA plant or animal extract disolved in ethanol. In chemistry, a tincture is any solution where ethanol is used as the solvent.
WHOWorld Health Organization.

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